Business Logic with JOIN – Multiple Join examples in SQL-Server 2005:

Business Logic with JOIN – Multiple Join examples in SQL-Server 2005:
I wrote my previous article about different type of JOIN in SQL-Server 2005. Due to the space constraint in that article, complex example has not been given there, only few simple examples. I felt to explode this topic further by giving solution to some really needed business logic.
If you want to create report for blood testing laboratory, who used to check samples of employee of different companies for different purposes. Following should be the table structure, we will be creating three table. One will store information about Order received from different companies. Another one will be the detail of that order, means which company sent how much samples of how much employee?? And the last one is further more details about how much test should be performs on which sample???
Let us create three tables.
–CREATING FIRST ORDER TABLE
USE [AdventureWorks]
GO
/****** Object: Table [dbo].[Orders] Script Date: 03/08/2009 12:24:39 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Orders](
[OrderID] [varchar](5) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL,
[OrderDate] [datetime] NOT NULL,
[CompanyName] [varchar](10) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NULL,
PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
[OrderID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
Now, child table of above.
USE [AdventureWorks]
GO
/****** Object: Table [dbo].[OrderDetails] Script Date: 03/08/2009 12:37:27 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[OrderDetails](
[OrderID] [varchar](5) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NULL,
[SampleNumber] [varchar](8) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL,
[SampleOfEmployee] [varchar](15) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL,
[SampleReceivedDate] [datetime] NULL,
PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
[SampleNumber] ASC
)
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[OrderDetails] WITH CHECK ADD CONSTRAINT [fk_orderid] FOREIGN KEY([OrderID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Orders] ([OrderID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[OrderDetails] CHECK CONSTRAINT [fk_orderid]
One more child table.
USE [AdventureWorks]
GO
/****** Object: Table [dbo].[sampledetails] Script Date: 03/08/2009 12:43:00 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[sampledetails](
[SampleNumber] [varchar](8) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL,
[TestType] [varchar](10) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
[SampleNumber] ASC,
[TestType] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
Now, this is time to insert few records on above tables.
–Received three order from two company
INSERT INTO Orders
SELECT ‘L1000’,‘2009-03-01’,‘Test Inc.’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1001’,‘2009-03-02’,‘Zeel Inc.’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1002’,‘2009-03-04’,‘ABC Inc.’
–received two sample for first order, one sample for second order
–sample for third order yet to receive
INSERT INTO OrderDetails
SELECT ‘L1000’,‘L1000-01’,‘James’,‘2009-03-01’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1000’,‘L1000-02’,‘John’,‘2009-04-01’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1001’,‘L1001-01’,‘Smita’,‘2009-03-05’
–details of sample, which test suppose to be performed
–on which sample
INSERT INTO SampleDetails
SELECT ‘L1000-01’,‘Cancer’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1000-01’,‘AIDS’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1000-02’,‘BP’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1001-01’,‘AIDS’ UNION ALL
SELECT ‘L1001-01’,‘Cancer’
Well, now we are ready to pull data out of three tables with different type of JOIN which we have seen in my previous article.
NOTE: many different logic can be used to perform following tasks, I am giving this just to explain the use of JOIN otherwise there are some more facility which can handle all of the below situation other than join.
If you want to get OrderID, OrderDate, Company (who gave the order??), SampleNumber, EmployeeName (for which employee company has sent the sample??), TestType (which test to be performed in above tables?)
You can use following query which has used one LEFT OUTER JOIN and one INNER JOIN.
SELECT O.OrderID,O.OrderDate,O.CompanyName,
OD.SampleofEmployee,OD.SampleNumber,SD.TestType
FROM
ORDERS AS O
LEFT OUTER JOIN
ORDERDETAILS AS OD
ON
O.OrderID=OD.OrderID
INNER JOIN
SampleDetails AS SD
ON
OD.SampleNumber=SD.SampleNumber
If there is a need to find how many samples came from which company. Use following query with aggregate function COUNT.
SELECT
O.CompanyName,Count(SampleNumber) as ‘TOTAL’
FROM
ORDERS AS O
LEFT OUTER JOIN
ORDERDETAILS AS OD
ON
O.OrderID=OD.OrderID
GROUP BY O.CompanyName
ORDER BY TOTAL DESC
Reference: Ritesh Shah